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Transnational Corporations Review (TNCR)
Publication Ethics and Malpractice

The TNCR aims to publish original manuscripts that have substantive contribution to the existing body of knowledge (BoK).The submitted manuscript should fall into the wider area that this journal covers and follow journal’s specifications. The TNCR has international team of renowned editors and skilled reviewers to ensure quality of manuscript published selected for publication. We believe that the stakeholders of the TNCR stick upon principles of expected ethical behavior for publishing. The principal stakeholders are Author, Editor, Reviewer and Publisher. The publication ethic statements are based on the Committee on the Publication Ethics (COPE)’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

PUBLICATION AND AUTHORSHIP

1.   We ensure strict double blind peer-review process by international reviewers that are experts in the area of the particular submitted manuscript.

2.   The factors that are taken into account to ensure the quality of manuscript in review are relevance, soundness, significance, originality, readability and language.

3.   The possible decisions include acceptance, acceptance with revisions, or rejection. If authors are encouraged to revise and resubmit a submission, there is no guarantee that the revised submission will be accepted. Rejected articles will not be re-reviewed.

4.   The paper acceptance is constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism.

5.   No research can be included in more than one publication.

6.   Financial supports for any article should be recognized.

AUTHORS

An author should ensure to present the research work in an authentic manner along with the significance. The authors should ensure to present their original works, and a proper citation should be made on citing the works of others. Imitation or intentionally inaccurate statements constitute unethical activities are unacceptable. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing activities and is unacceptable. The manuscript should not be submitted to more than one journal simultaneously at the same time as constitutes unethical publishing activities and is unacceptable. The corresponding author should ensure that there is a full consensus of all co-authors in approving the final version of the paper and its submission for publication.

1.   Authors who submit manuscripts to TNCR warrant the following aspects:

  • The manuscript reflects original work;
  • The sent paper should not be under consideration for publication elsewhere;
  • The manuscript does not include derogatory, defamatory or unlawful statements;
  • Authors should appropriately cite and quote any influential publication or work of other authors.

2.   Reporting Standards: A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

3.   Originality and Plagiarism: We examine all submitted papers for plagiarism and check for resemblances and similitude to existing published papers. Articles that denote any form of plagiarism are rejected.

4.   Self-Plagiarism or Text Recycling: Every paper that has an influence on the current empirical or theoretical manuscript sent to TNCR should be referenced and cited accordingly. Nonetheless, it is acceptable for research to be repeated if it leads to different and new analyses, perspectives or comparisons with existing data.

5.   Acknowledgement of Sources: Contributors who do not qualify as authors in terms of studying the data or developing the concepts, but have provided support should be listed in an Acknowledgement section.

6.   Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: When authors submit a manuscript, they should disclose any conflicts of interests, such as financial and personal relationships that might bias their work. To prevent ambiguity, authors must state explicitly whether potential conflicts do or do not exist.

7.   Manuscripts that received funding from commercial firms, private foundations, and government should highlight the background to financial support for the research in order to avoid biases that can discredit the research.

8.   Respecting Confidentiality: In general, TNCR recommends that authors, who seek to publish private information and images of individuals, should obtain the individual’s explicit consent in order to avoid privacy issues.

9.   Raw Data and Experimental Proof: Authors may ask to make available for the experimental data in link with manuscript for editorial review, and should be organized to provide public access to such data.

10.  Originality and Plagiarism: An author should make sure that the submitted manuscript presents the research work in an authentic manner along with the significance.

11.  Acknowledgements: Corresponding author should make sure that all persons, society or group have helped in any aspects of the research project, should be acknowledged.

12.  Author and Co-Authors: The corresponding author should make sure that all suitable co-authors and no unsuitable co-authors have incorporated in the manuscript, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

13.  Research Work involving Animals or Humans: Author must insist on following ethical practices in both human and animal experimentation. Evidence for approval by a local Ethics Committee (for both human as well as animal studies) must be supplied by the authors on demand.

14.  Conflicts of Interest Statement: All authors should reveal in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to manipulate the interpretation of results of their manuscript.

15.  Errors in Published Manuscript: Authors must inform to editor if they find out any errors in their published paper.

REVIEWER

Reviewer is responsible to both the author and the editor in regard to the manuscript. Peer review process is the method by which the quality of research is judged. Peer-reviewed publications help to judge the funding decisions in science and the academic advancement of scientists.

1.  Responsibilities of Reviewer: The Reviewer has an important role of assisting the Editors in making editorial decisions and the Author in improving his/her/their paper.

2.  Promptness: The Reviewer is expected to provide their review of the article in a timeframe of 1-2 months. If any selected referee will not be able to comply to this rule, he/she should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.

3.  Confidentiality: Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with other people.

4.  Standards of Objectivity: Reviews should be conducted objectively and the referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

EDITORS RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES

Editor is the main communicator between the reviewers, authors and publisher. Editor is key factor deals with any received information, complained or misconduct by the author or reviewer. The editor’s decision is final in acceptance or decline of a manuscript for publication.

·   Manuscript Decision: Editor is responsible for the contents and overall quality of the publication, which he can ensure with the help of reviewer. Editor adopts processes that encourage accuracy, completeness and clarity of research work. Editors have complete responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article according to journal policies.

·   Fairness and Reliability: Editor’s decision should solely depend on scientific merit, relevance to the subject, scope of the journal rather on financial, racial, ethnic origin etc. of the authors

·   Secrecy: Any manuscript received for review must be treated as confidential document. The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

·   Confession and Conflicts of Interest: Submitted work in form of manuscript must not be used in any form by editor's own work. Editors should not allow any conflicts of interest between staff, authors, reviewers and board members. Editor must be guided by the COPE flowcharts in cases of suspected misconduct or disputed authorship.

·   Errata/Retraction of Manuscript: When authentic errors in published work are pointed out by any person, which do not make the work invalid, Editors should publish errata pages or make corrections as soon as possible. If the error provides the work or substantial parts of it invalid, the paper should be retracted with the reason of retraction.

Thank you for following the publishing ethics and malpractice statement in your research articles submitted to TNCR!

 

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